Soviet Tank Corps, 1942–1945

Table of Organisation & Equipment

M3 scout car

M3 scout car supplied to the Red Army under the Lend-Lease program. Scout cars may be used to motorize the SMG Battalion which was an integral part of the Tank Brigade. Non-elite formations were not usually equipped in this way and their infantry rode on the back of the tanks they were supporting.

Soviet Tank Corps

  • 3 Tank Brigades
  • 1 Mechanized Rifle Brigade

Soviet Tank Brigade 1942-1945

  • Brigade Headquarters:
    • HQ Section of 2 T-34 tanks
    • Reconnaissance Platoon
    • Engineer Platoon
    • Anti-tank Rifle Company
    • Anti-tank Gun Company
    • Heavy Machine Gun Company
    • Trains
      • 5 recovery tanks
      • 12 maintenance trucks
      • 42 supply trucks
  • Tank Battalion: (organization same as below)
    • Light Battalion using T-60 or T-70 tanks, 1942
    • Medium Battalion using T-34/76 or T-34/85 tanks, 1942-1945
  • Medium Tank Battalion:
    • Headquarters
      • 1 T-34/76 or T-34/85 tank
    • Tank Company
      • 1 T-34/76 or T-34/85 HQ tank
      • 9 T-34/76 or T-34/85 tanks in 3 tank troops
    • Tank Company
      • 1 T-34/76 or T-34/85 HQ tank
      • 9 T-34/76 or T-34/85 tanks in 3 tank troops
  • Tank Battalion: (organization same as above)
    • Heavy Battalion using KV tanks, 1942
    • Medium Battalion using T-34/76 or T-34/85 tanks, 1942-1945
  • SMG Battalion: (infantry, 403 all ranks)
    • HQ Section
    • Heavy Machine Gun Platoon of four HMG
    • Anti-tank Rifle Platoon of six AT rifles
    • Anti-tank Gun Platoon of four guns
    • Mortar Platoon of six 82 mm mortars
    • Motor Rifle Company
    • Motor Rifle Company
    • Motor Rifle Company

In 1942, tank brigades used a mixture of light, medium and heavy tanks, depending on what was available to them. As production of the T-34 increased, the brigades became more homogeneous. For wargaming purposes, the following combinations of tank battalions may be used:

  • 1 Light Battalion, 1 Medium Battalion and 1 Heavy Battalion
  • 1 Light Battalion and 2 Medium Battalions
  • 2 Medium Battalions and 1 Heavy Battalion
  • 3 Medium Battalions, of which one or more may be using T-34/85 tanks.

Distant Action Raiders

The Soviet Army differentiated certain tactical groups of tanks:

  • D.D. Tanks (T-35, T-28, KV-1, KV-85, IS) - Distant Action Raiding Tanks
  • N.P.P. Tanks (BT, T-46, T-34, etc.) - "Cavalry" Breakthrough and Flanking Tanks
  • D.P.P. Tanks (T-18, T-24, T-26, T-46, etc.) - Close Infantry Support Tanks

D.D. tanks operated without infantry support, and this explains why some KV-1 tanks counter-attacked and penetrated deeply behind German lines. As the war progressed, it was found that the T-35 was a practical D.P.P. tank, and the BT made a good Recce tank. Accordingly, these vehicle changed roles. The T-46 is a T-26 with BT wheels and tracks.

Frequently Asked Questions

For further information and updates, please join us on facebook or in the Miniatures Forum.

Soviet Red Army Miniatures of World War Two