White, the property of objects to reflect all components of the light falling on them in equal proportions. An object therefore only appears white in white light if it reflects all the visible rays of the spectrum. A perfectly white object appears bright in any lighting. In most cases the white shows some nuance, and a distinction is therefore made between: milk, silver, slate, reddish, yellowish, greyish, greenish and pewter white. Pure white is called snow white. The most important white pigments are: white lead, barite white, plaster of paris, chalk, talc, lenzin, bismuth white, Hamburg (Dutch, Venetian) white, mixture of white lead with barite; Krems white, see lead white; Parisian white is ground and washed calcite.
Single Pigment Colours
A small overview of white (PW) single pigment colours suitable for miniatures, models, and dioramas.
- Transparent Mixing White (PW 6, transparent), Liquitex 430
- Zinc White* (PW 4, semi-transparent), Golden 1415
- Zinc White* (PW 4, semi-transparent), PRIMAcryl 13.100
- Titanium White (PW 6, opaque), Liquitex 432
- Titanium White (PW 6, opaque), PRIMAcryl 13.101
- Titanium Buff (PW 6:1, titanium dioxide), Golden Acrylics 1370
- Titanium Buff (PW 6:1, titanium dioxide), Amsterdam Expert Acryl 150291
- Titanium Buff (PW 6:1, titanium dioxide), Lukas Berlin 0605
- White, Plaka 1
Mixed Pigment Colours
- Unbleached Wool, Humbrol MC30
* contains zinc oxide.
We use Titanium Buff for white uniforms, gaiters, and camisoles; Titanium White for setting highlights on titanium buff clothing and equipment, especially if white bandoliers are worn over titanium buff coats, as is the case with the k.k. Austro-Hungarian army.
Source: Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon, 6. Auflage 1905–1909