Austrian Dragoon Regiment Hesse-Darmstadt, 1756–1763

Austrian Dragoon Regiment Hesse-Darmstadt of the Seven Years’ War, 1756–1763.

By decree dated 4 November 1733, Oberst Alexius Graf D’Ollone raised a dragoon regiment at his own expense. The cadre of experienced officers and men had been transferred from other imperial regiments. From 1746 to 1768, Ludwig VIII. Landgraf von Hessen-Darmstadt owned the regiment, followed by his son, Erbprinz Georg Wilhelm Prinz von Hessen-Darmstadt who became the Inhaber until 1773. During the Seven Years’ War the regiment fought at the Battles of Kolin, Breslau, Leuthen, Hochkirch, and Torgau.


  • FM Ludwig VIII. Landgraf von Hessen-Darmstadt, 1746–1768
  • G.d.C. Georg Wilhelm Prinz von Hessen-Darmstadt, 1768–1773

Commanding Officer

  • Oberst Johann Freiherr Hochberg von Hennersdorf, 1752–1757
  • Oberst Joseph Carl Graf D’Ayasasa, 1757–1758
  • Oberst Friedrich Freiherr von Riedesel, 1758
  • Oberst Rudolph Freiherr von Pugnetti, 1758–1771


  • red coat with eleven yellow buttons left and right
  • green cuffs with three buttons
  • green turnbacks
  • green shoulder strap left
  • green aiguillette right
  • black stock
  • light straw-coloured vest with green edging, and hook and eye closure
  • light straw-coloured breeches
  • black gaiters with yellow buttons for dismounted service
  • white boot cuffs and tall black riding boots for mounted service
  • black tricorne with yellow border, and black cockade with yellow button
  • red saddlecloth with yellow border, and black and white rhombical design
  • black pistol holsters, with red holster covers and border design as above
  • round red mantlesack with border design as above
  • black leather bridle

Campaign History

  • Battle of Kolin, 1757
  • Battle at Breslau, 1757
  • Battle of Leuthen, 1757
  • Engagement at Görlitz (Grenadier-Kompanie), 1757
  • Battle of Hochkirch, 1758
  • Ambush at Greifenberg, 1759
  • Engagement at Günsberg, 1759
  • Capture of Cosdorf, 1760
  • Battle of Torgau, 1760
  • Campaign in Saxony, 1761
  • Engagement at Leutmannsdorf, 1762

Dragoner-Regiment Hessen-Darmstadt was distinguished from other Austrian dragoon regiments by its red coat without lapels, and the light straw-coloured button-less cuirassier-style vest with green edging.

Austrian Dragoons of the Seven Years’ War