Blue

Blue

Blue, the colour sensation evoked in a normal eye by wavelengths ranging from Frauenhofer lines F to G of the visible spectrum. For every simple blue, a simple yellow can be found in the yellow part of the spectrum, which combines to white. Therefore, spectral blue and spectral yellow are complementary. A blue pigment, mixed with a yellow pigment, does not result in white, but green, because the blue pigment absorbs the yellow and red rays, and the yellow pigment absorbs the blue and violet rays, so that green predominates in the reflected light. Cf. colour symbolism. Extracted blue, s. Indigo.

Shades of Blue

Single Pigment Colours

A small overview of blue (PB) single pigment colours suitable for miniatures, models, and dioramas.

  • Cerulean Blue (PB 36), Golden Acrylics
  • Cerulean Blue deep (PB 36), Golden Acrylics
  • Phthalo Blue, green shade (PB 15:3), Golden Acrylics
  • Phthalo Blue, red shade (PB 15:0), Golden Acrylics
  • Delft Blue (PB 60, translucent), PRIMAcryl 13.432
  • Ultramarine Blue (PB 29, translucent), PRIMAcryl 13.433
  • Cobalt Blue
    • Cobalt Blue medium (PB 28), Golden Acrylics
    • Cobalt Blue (PB 28, opaque), Liquitex 170
    • Cobalt Blue light (PB 28, semi-opaque), PRIMAcryl 13.435
    • Cobalt Blue, BLOCKX Artist Oil Colour 652
  • Phthalo Blue cyan (PB 15:3, translucent), PRIMAcryl 13.439
  • Phthalo Turquoise (PB 16, transparent), PRIMAcryl 13.455
  • Cobalt Turquoise (PG 50, semi-opaque), PRIMAcryl 13.456
  • Primary Blue (PB 15:3), Lukas Berlin 920
  • Ultramarine Blue deep, BLOCKX Artist Oil Colour 253
  • Primary Blue, BLOCKX Artist Oil Colour 455
  • Blockx Blue, BLOCKX Artist Oil Colour 553
  • Cerulean Blue, BLOCKX Artist Oil Colour 651
  • Indanthrene Blue, BLOCKX Artist Oil Colour 757
Wedding Tower, souvenir in light cobalt blue

Mixed Pigment Colours

  • Prussian Artillery Blue
  • Navy Blue, Humbrol HM10
  • French Blue, Humbrol MC8
  • Dark Blue, Kreul 75.253
  • Steel Blue, Kreul 75.518
  • Primary Blue (PB 15:3, PW 6, semi-opaque), Lukascryl 4720
  • Turquoise, Plaka 36
  • Indigo (opaque), PRIMAcryl 13.431
  • Cobalt Blue deep (PB 28, PB 60, semi-transparent), PRIMAcryl 13.434
  • Royal Blue (PB 28, PW 6, opaque), PRIMAcryl 13.436
  • Oriental Blue (PB 15:1, PV 23, PW 6, opaque), PRIMAcryl 13.437
  • Phthalo Blue reddish (PB 15:6, PB 15:2, transparent), PRIMAcryl 13.438
  • Prussian Blue (PB 60, PB 15:1, PBk 7, semi-transparent), PRIMAcryl 13.440
  • Manganese Cerulean Blue (PB 15:3, PB 16, PW 6, semi-trsp.), PRIMAcryl 13.453
  • Cerulean Blue (PB 15:3, PB 16, PW 6, opaque), PRIMAcryl 13.454
  • Aquamarine (PG 36, PB 15:3, PW 6, semi-transparent), PRIMAcryl 13.457
  • Blue, Vallejo Model Air 71.004

Source: Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon, 6. Auflage 1905–1909

Model Paints